Danzas populares de Orissa

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Odisha is a state in the eastern part of India. It is located near the water body Bay of Bengal. This state is popularly known for its rich cultural heritage , mainly it's tribal culture and ancient Hindu temples and vistas. But, the splendour of Odisha is not just restricted to its vistas, temples and sacred shrines. It is much more and larger than life. The state is home to some of the most popular dance forms. There are a plethora of folk dance forms in Odisha. Folk dances are basically regional dance forms indigenous to the state. The dance forms originated here are a delight and beautiful spectacle for artists and audiences , both. The serenading music takes you to a different world. The dance steps, poses and movements are swift and graceful. The attire donned by the dancers is bright and full of colours. Folk dances of Odisha are truly appealing to the eyes and ears. So, let's dive into this world of folk dance and know more.

Bhaaga Naacha

Also known as Tiger Dance. This is a Sambalpuri folk dance which is generally performed in Binika and Sonepur of Subarnpur district of Odisha. A dance form performed only by males, the performers paint their bare body with yellow and black stripes in a fashion similar to that of a tiger and attach a tail . Few dancers move from one household to another to attract the attention of the public and then begin their dance. The dance form makes use of drum and bell instruments to provide music. The dance form is essentially acrobatic style based and dancers make hissing noise to imitate a tiger's noise.

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Goti Pua

Goti means ' one ' or 'single' and pua means ' boy'. This dance form is performed by boys dressed up as girls. Gotipua dance is an adaptation of Odissi Dance. It originated in the wake of the disapproval of some of the followers of Vaishnav religion ( Sect of Hindu which considers Vishnu as the leading deity) who were dissatisfied with dancing by women as a pretext for worship. Hence, they introduced dancing by boys dressed up as girls. The dancers are students of ' akhada' or gymnasia. It was first established by Ramchandradeva in Puri . The boys start their training from a tender age of six and perform till they are fourteen. These young boys are able to perform swift movements and perform flexible dance moves as their body can adapt more. Initially, they are trained for two years and then they are taught other other elements such as items of dance, ornamental and expressional. They are accompanied by three musicians who play cymbals, harmonium and pakhawaj. Songs are sung by the performers itself but sometimes a singer accompanies them.

El baile celebra la felicidad de las personas. Por lo tanto, cualquiera puede participar. No requiere entrenamiento profesional. Incluso los turistas pueden bailar junto a los artistas. Todos visten su mejor ropa tradicional para divertirse. La música de grandes trompetas, tambores y flautas marca el ritmo de la celebración. En general se baila por la noche junto a una hoguera, creando así, el ambiente perfecto.

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Dalkhai

This is a Sambalpuri folk dance. It is performed in celebrations and festivals such as Dussehra,Bhaijiuntia,Phagun Puni, Nuakhai and many others. It is performed by women of various tribes of Sambalpur,Balangir, Bargarh and Nuapada district. It is named so because at the beginning and end of every stanza, the word is used to address a lover or girlfriend. It is a celebration of love. Young women are dancers who are elaborately dressed and men join them as musicians. Dalkhai dance form portrays instances and scenes from the love story of Radha and Krishna, Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is a team effort and involves forward, backward movement in a half sitting position, formation of concentric circles clockwise and anticlockwise. The dance is accompanied by rich orchestra music produced by dhol,Nisan,Tamki,Tasa and Mahuri instruments. The countryside music leaves a ringing and soothing essence in the ears. Women donn in brilliantly coloured Sambalpuri sarees and tie a scarf around their shoulders holding the ends in both their hands. Traditional jewelleries are a part of the traditional attire as well. This folk art has several versions for different ages and groups:- For girl children- Chhiollai,Humobauli and Dauligit. For teenagers- Sajani,Chhata,Daika and Bhekani For youth- Rasarkeli, Jaiphul,Maila Jada,Bayamana and Gunchikuta

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Chhau

A martial arts based dance form, it is one of the most popular art forms. In this dance, there are two groups of warriors who attack and defend themselves alternately and in this process demonstrate vigorous movements and poses. The dancers carry shields with themselves. It is a dance battle. The performers wear colourful masks portraying a character in the battle- drama.The music is strong and has constant rhythmic changes. The instruments used are Mahuri which is a double reeded instrument, Dhola which is a barrel shaped two sided drum, Dhumsa a hemispherical drum and Chadchadi, a short cylindrical drum. An energetic dance form which makes the audience want for more.

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Ghumura Dance

Also called Ghumra Dance, this dance form has a rich history. It is depicted in the Sun temple of Konark which proves that it has been since the medieval times. It was initially a war dance and considered ' Heroic dance'. Gradually, it has been transitioned into a dance for cultural and social purposes. The instruments used are Dhol, Taal,Madal and Nishan. It stands out as a symbol of love,devotion, universal brotherhood and fraternity. It is a beautiful dance form which has been showcased at national and international level.

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